Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

The American Pregnancy Association states that most healthy women who conceive naturally have a 15% to 20% chance of miscarriage. So that the research found a slightly elevated risk of miscarriage for women who use IVF and get pregnant with a single embryo.

No matter how you conceive, your chances of having a premature baby vary depending on a number of factors …twins conceived after IVF are 23 percent more likely to be born early than twins conceived naturally.

Since the first IVF baby was born in 1978, scientists have raised concerns about potential birth defects and health problems in children’s conceived by IVF. Most of the children appear healthy, but a small increase in health problems, such as birth weight, premature birth and birth defects, has been reported.

IVF can be used to treat fertility in the following patients : Blocked or damaged fallopian tubes, male factor infertility including decreased sperm count or sperm motility. Women with ovulation disorders, premature ovarian failure, uterine fibroids.

It takes just one sperm to fertilize a woman’s egg. Keep in mind, though, for each sperm that reaches egg, there are millions that don’t. On average, each time a man ejaculates he releases nearly 100 million sperm.

  • Clomiphene Citrate – stimulates Ovulation by causing pituitary gland to release more FSH & LH, which stimulate growth of an ovarian follicle containing an egg.
  • Gonadotrophins
  • Metformin
  • Letrozole
  • Bromocriptine

PGS test results are available within 7 – 10 days. Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis – PGD involves screening of IVF embryos for a specific genetic condition prior to embryo transfer.

Laparoscopy is a surgical procedure that allows a doctor to see inside the body. When the procedure is part of fertility testing, the doctor is evaluating the structures of the reproductive system, including the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and uterus Laparoscopy can help a doctor diagnose many conditions that affect fertility, such as:

  • endometriosis
  • blocked fallopian tubes
  • buildups of scar tissue
  • fibroids
  • other abnormalities of the reproductive system

Laparoscopy can also help when a woman has unexplained infertility. This is the diagnosis when results of other diagnostic tests were normal, but a woman is still unable to conceive. By taking a look at the reproductive organs, the doctor may be able to identify conditions that are preventing conception and are otherwise undetectable.

A laparoscopy is a simple outpatient procedure. A person can undergo it in:

  • a hospital
  • an ambulatory surgical center
  • in some cases, a fertility doctor's office

A person will receive anesthesia before the procedure, so they will not be awake or able to feel pain. After giving them the anesthesia, a surgeon will:

  • insert a needle into the abdomen
  • inject gas into the abdomen, to make it easier to see the organs and structures
  • remove the needle and insert a small camera on an instrument called a laparoscope through a tiny incision
  • make a second incision and insert a small tool called a probe With the camera, the doctor will examine the structures in the abdomen. They will use the probe to move or lift organs out of the way.

Compared to other surgical procedures that can help a doctor diagnose the cause of infertility, a laparoscopy involves:

  • less invasive methods
  • a lower risk of infection
  • smaller scars
  • the possibility of correcting the issue during surgery
  • an easier recovery

Also, if a person receives treatment during the procedure, the chances of conceiving may increase right away.

Endometriosis is a condition in which tissue similar to the uterine lining grows elsewhere in the body. Pelvic pain is the most common symptom of endometriosis, but some women with the condition may also experience infertility. It is found that infertility affects around 30–50 percent of people with endometriosis. Endometriosis lesions can cause inflammation in the area and may form scar tissue, as well as stick different organs together. They also bleed, similarly to the regular uterine lining, in response to hormones. All of these things can cause pain. Endometriosis can start as early as a person's first period, and it can last beyond menopause, particularly in severe cases with a lot of scar tissue. In addition to infertility, other symptoms of endometriosis include:

  • pain during sex
  • pain with ovulation
  • fatigue
  • painful cramps
  • frequent urination
  • low back pain
  • painful bowel movements
  • constipation or diarrhoea

Symptoms tend to get worse around the time of a person's menstrual period.

Infertility is a common symptom of endometriosis. Some people only find out that they have the condition when they experience difficulty getting pregnant. Up to half of people with endometriosis are infertile.

  • Inflammation causes the production of chemicals known as cytokines. These cytokines can inhibit the sperm and egg cells, making fertilization more difficult.
  • Scarring and adhesions that occur with endometriosis can block the fallopian tubes or uterus, making it difficult for the sperm to meet the egg.
  • Endometrial tissue on the ovaries can inhibit ovulation, preventing the release of an egg. It is found that women who are infertile are six to eight times more likely to have endometriosis.

Age of Moms-to-Be Key Factor in IVF Birth: Maternal age was the most important factor to help identify a woman's odds of a live birth following infertility treatment. A woman's age was the most important predictor of success for both in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles.

Menopause is the process through which a woman ceases to be fertile or menstruate. It is a normal part of life and is not considered a disease or a condition. Menopause can lead to: Cardiovascular disease, Osteoporosis, Urinary incontinence, Breast cancer
Symptoms : Hot flashes, Breast tenderness,Worse premenstrual syndrome, Lower sex drive, Fatigue, Irregular periods, Vaginal dryness, discomfort during sex,Urine leakage when coughing or sneezing.

Infertility is relatively common these days. It occurs in about 11% of reproductive-aged couples. Fortunately, with the help of newly developed fertility treatments and advanced reproductive technologies the chances of pregnancy are increasing amongst the women. A lot of people undertake IVF treatment; it is an assisted reproductive technology. Vitro fertilization involves extraction of egg cells from a female retrieving sperms from the male and then artificially combining the sperm and egg collected into a Petri dish to form fertilized embryos. IVF is a type of assisted reproductive technology used for infertility treatment and gestational surrogacy, in which a fertilized egg is implanted into a surrogate’s uterus. There are several fertility treatments such as:

  • IVF using no drugs for ovarian hyper stimulation and some drugs for ovulation suppression may still be used.
  • IVF using ovarian hyper stimulation, including gonadotropins but with a GnRH antagonist protocol so that the cycle initiates from the natural mechanisms.
  • Frozen embryo transfer, IVF using ovarian hyper stimulation followed by embryo cryopreservation followed by embryo transfer in the later natural cycle.

IVF using no drugs for ovarian hyper stimulation was a method of conception by Louis Brown. This method can be successfully used when women want to avoid taking ovarian stimulating drugs with its associated side-effects. Mild IVF is a method in which a small dose of ovarian stimulating drugs are used for a short duration, at the time of woman’s natural cycle it is expected to have 2-7 eggs and create healthy embryos. This is an advanced method that reduces complications and side effects for women. The aim of such methods is to provide a good quality procedure that is not at all harmful. The laws of many countries permit IVF for single mothers, lesbians, and surrogates as well.

ICSI treatment or Intracytoplasmic sperm injection treatment is one of the effective means for fertilizing female eggs in lab after retrieving it from the woman's body. This is a simple process where the sperms are retrieved from the males by inserting a needle into the testicles. It helps in improving the chances of successful pregnancy to a great extent. Some of the leading clinics of Bangalore are offering ICSI treatment Bangalore for problems low sperm count, low sperm motility, damaged vas deferens, irreversible vasectomy, retrograde ejaculation and immunological factors. This treatment is also suitable for couples who are suffering from unexplained infertility and have gone an IVC cycle.

Factors for which one can avail ICSI treatment:

  • Couples do not prefer insemination of donor sperms
  • Male partner having low sperm count or motility
  • Previous IVF cycles have failed
  • Rate of mature eggs fertilization in normal manner is low
  • Available number of eggs for retrieval is very low.
  • When woman is having low ovarian reserve
  • Low quality eggs

Steps involved in ICSI treatment

  • A specially designed pipette is used for holding of mature egg
  • A, sharp needle is used for selecting and picking one single healthy sperm
  • The needle is hollow and holds single sperm which inserted right into eggshell for penetrating the core of healthy egg
  • After successful injecting of sperm in cytoplasm, the needle gets removed
  • After 1-2 days of this process eggs gets checked for fertilization

If you are looking for the ICSI treatment in Bangalore then visit our clinic for infertility treatment.

IUI treatment also known as artificial insemination, it is a simple procedure in which a number of spermatozoa, previously washed and selected in the laboratory, are placed in the uterus of the woman, where she must find her way to the ovule. IUI Treatment, also known as artificial insemination, is a simple treatment. A lower cost fertility that can be very effective, especially when combined with fertility drugs, be it clomiphene or inject able PSH medications. This procedure works by identifying the most mobile sperm in a semen sample. The prepared sperm is placed directly into the uterus through a thin catheter, without going through the cervix. This procedure can be performed with donor sperm, in the absence of a partner or if the man is infertile. IUI is a procedure done in the office. IUI Treatments is painless, it is one of the simplest methods of infertility treatment, it is also the last stop before in vitro. Statistics on the effectiveness of insemination range from 5 to 25 percent.

Recommended for

This treatment is recommended in cases where there are difficulties to conceive naturally. This may be due to problems with male fertility (decreased sperm count or low motility), or problems with a woman's fertility, for example, damage or blockage of the fallopian tubes or ovulation disorders. This is recommended as an option when there is reasonable possibility of success. Candidates must have a healthy weight and a healthy uterus. The chances of success are reduced with age, but the oldest woman who succeeded in having a baby with IVF was 66 years old.

When is it recommended?

The in vitro fertilization with own eggs and semen of the couple is a laboratory technique that consists of fertilizing the ova, previously extracted, with the sperm of your partner's semen. Once fertilized, the ovum becomes a pre-embryo and enters the uterus to continue its development. Usually, in a normal menstrual cycle only one egg develops each month. For in vitro fertilization it is desirable to obtain more than one ovule, so it is necessary to stimulate the ovaries hormonally to obtain several mature ovules at the same time. This type of in vitro fertilization is ideal when there is an insufficient amount of sperm to perform an artificial insemination or when there is obstruction or damage to the fallopian tubes, since there is no other possibility of getting a pregnancy. This technique is also recommended after having made several attempts at artificial insemination without getting pregnant.

The IVF process is completed in cycles and while for some just one cycle might prove enough, other might require undertaking multiple cycles to get positive results. A single IVF cycle can take anywhere between 4 and 6 weeks to be completed. The time gap between the fertilization of the eggs and their insertion into the uterus is no more than 3-4 days, although the preparation for the process begins at least a month in advance. In few weeks after undergoing this treatment, your specialist will ask you to take a pregnancy test. Successful women find the test positive for them, and for the failed cycle the result comes negative. Before you take the decision to go for IVF process, it is important you take a look at the IVF success rates for women who are in your age bracket. Patience is important for the female on whom the process will be conducted and to ensure a cycle is successful.

Benefits of the Process: By opting for the process of IVF treatments, childless couples can hope to fill in the void in their lives that prevent them from becoming a complete family. It gives them the satisfaction of being able to bear their own child

PCOS is a problem with hormones that affects women during their childbearing years (ages 15 to 44). Between 2.2 and 26.7 percent of women in this age group have PCOS. Many women have PCOS but don’t know it.. PCOS affects a woman’s ovaries, the reproductive organs that produce estrogen and progesterone — hormones that regulate the menstrual cycle. The ovaries also produce a small amount of male hormones called androgens. The ovaries release eggs to be fertilized by a man’s sperm. The release of an egg each month is called ovulation. Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) control ovulation. FSH stimulates the ovary to produce a follicle — a sac that contains an egg — and then LH triggers the ovary to release a mature egg. PCOS is a “syndrome,” or group of symptoms that affects the ovaries and ovulation. Its three main features are:

  • cysts in the ovaries
  • high levels of male hormones
  • irregular or skipped periods

Doctors don’t know exactly what causes PCOS. They believe that high levels of male hormones prevent the ovaries from producing hormones and making eggs normally. Genes, insulin resistance, and inflammation have all been linked to excess androgen production.

Some women start seeing symptoms around the time of their first period. Others only discover they have PCOS after they’ve gained a lot of weight or they’ve had trouble getting pregnant. The most common PCOS symptoms are:

  • Irregular periods. A lack of ovulation prevents the uterine lining from shedding every month. Some women with PCOS get fewer than eight periods a year (10).
  • Heavy bleeding. The uterine lining builds up for a longer period of time, so the periods you do get can be heavier than normal.
  • Hair growth. More than 70 percent of women with this condition grow hair on their face and body — including on their back, belly, and chest (11). Excess hair growth is called hirsutism.
  • Acne. Male hormones can make the skin oilier than usual and cause breakouts on areas like the face, chest, and upper back.
  • Weight gain. Up to 80 percent of women with PCOS are overweight or obese (11).
  • Male-pattern baldness. Hair on the scalp gets thinner and fall out.
  • Darkening of the skin. Dark patches of skin can form in body creases like those on the neck, in the groin, and under the breasts.
  • Headaches. Hormone changes can trigger headaches in some women.

PCOS can make it harder to get pregnant, and it can increase your risk for pregnancy complications and miscarriage. Weight loss and other treatments can improve your odds of having a healthy pregnancy.

See your doctor if you’ve skipped periods or you have other PCOS symptoms like hair growth on your face or body. Also see a doctor if you’ve been trying to get pregnant for 12 months or more without success.

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) encompasses the most common issues, such as mild cramping and fatigue, but the symptoms usually go away when your period begins. However, other, more serious menstrual problems may also occur. Menstruation that is too heavy or too light, or the complete absence of a cycle, may suggest that there are other issues that are contributing to an abnormal menstrual cycle. PMS occurs one to two weeks before your period begins. Some women experience a range of physical and emotional symptoms. Others experience few symptoms or even none at all. PMS can cause:

  • bloating
  • irritability
  • backaches
  • headaches
  • breast soreness
  • acne
  • food cravings
  • excessive fatigue
  • depression
  • anxiety
  • feelings of stress
  • insomnia
  • constipation
  • diarrhea
  • mild stomach cramps

You may experience different symptoms every month, and the severity of these symptoms can also vary. PMS is uncomfortable, but it’s generally not worrisome unless it interferes with your normal activities.

Causes of heavy or irregular menstrual bleeding include:

  • puberty
  • vaginal infections
  • inflammation of the cervix
  • underactive thyroid gland (hypothyroidism)
  • noncancerous uterus tumors (fibroids)
  • changes in diet or exercise

Not only can your period be lighter or heavier than normal, but it can also be painful. Cramps are normal during PMS and they also occur when your uterus contracts as your period begins. However, some women experience excruciating pain. Also called dysmenorrhea, extremely painful menstruation is likely linked to an underlying medical problem, such as:

  • fibroids
  • pelvic inflammatory disease
  • abnormal tissue growth outside of the uterus (endometriosis)