A septate uterus is a deformity of the uterus, which happens during foetal development before birth. A membrane called the septum divides the inner portion of uterus, at its middle. This dividing septum is a fibrous and muscular band of tissue that can be thick or thin. Women with a septate uterus are at increased risk of miscarriage.
How does a septate uterus affect pregnancy?
A septate uterus does not typically affect a woman’s ability to conceive, but it does significantly increase their risk of a miscarriage. Women with septate uteri can also go on to have recurrent miscarriages.
Women with a septate uterus have an increased risk of both miscarriage and recurrent miscarriage that may increase the risk for:
Other than a miscarriage or recurrent miscarriage, there aren’t any symptoms of a septate uterus. It’s often only diagnosed after an investigation into the cause of miscarriages.
Septate uterus is a genetic abnormality. It’s not known what causes it to occur. It happens as the embryo is developing..
A septate uterus may be seen on a standard 2D pelvic ultrasound. An MRI or 3D scan can be a more accurate way to identify problems of the uterus.
After a pelvic examination is performed, we may probably begin investigation with one of these tests. In order to confirm diagnosis, hysterosalpingogram or a hysteroscopy can be performed.
If a woman does not wish to have children, there is no need to have the condition treated. On its own, it does not pose a health risk. However, if a woman with a septate uterus would like to have children, then she may choose to have surgery. Surgery will significantly increase chances of a successful pregnancy.